Stage 6 — Proficient Adult Reading
The defining feature of the proficient adult reading stage involves highly developed comprehension abilities, which depend on highly skilled word recognition. At this stage, readers are insightful, analytical and reflective. They make higher-order connections, within and across texts, and integrate knowledge from a wide variety of sources.
Proficient readers have an ever-expanding knowledge base and vocabulary. Proficient reading is not a static end state, but rather, it involves a set of cognitive abilities that continue to develop throughout life. At this stage, one reads certain books and articles in the degree of detail and completeness that matches the purpose for reading.
Proficient readers know what to read, as well as what not to read. They have acquired the ability to construct knowledge on a high level of abstraction and generality and to create their own "truth" from the "truth" of others. At this stage, readers now have the ability to critically synthesize the works of others and are able to form their own educated opinions. Thus, reading at this level promotes the construction of knowledge.
Click the header below to reveal the list.
List of Typical Behaviors at This Stage:
- Highly skilled word-recognition abilities
- Highly developed comprehension abilities
- Can make higher-order connections within and across texts
- Integrates knowledge from a wide variety of sources
- Selects text to match need
- Constructs new ideas and knowledge from reading
- Difficult text can be grappled with successfully
- Handles increasingly complex vocabulary
- High-level comprehension is often domain or subject specific
Reflect on This
Can you think of a child in your program who fits easily into one of these stages? Do these stages help you envision how you might support the reading achievement of your students? In the next section of the Introduction, practice using what you’ve learned so far in order to help students in your program become better readers.
- 2Key Terms
- 3Literacy Diagram
- 4Literacy: A Cornerstone of College and Career Readiness
- 5Literacy Skills Develop Over Time
- 6“Texts” Come in All Shapes and Sizes
- 7Literacy: An Evolving Set of Skills
- 8Oral Language and the Reading Connection
- 9Unlocking Meaning: Vocabulary is the Key
- 10The Vocabulary Gap
- 11How Do Reading Skills Develop?
- 12How Do We Become Good Readers?
- 13Five Components of Reading
- 14Phonemic Awareness
- 19Comprehension — Putting the Pieces Together
- 20Developmental Stages of Reading
- 21Stage 1 — Visual Cue Word Recognition
- 22Stage 2 — Phonetic Cue Word Recognition
- 23Stage 3 — Controlled Word Recognition
- 24Stage 4 — Automatic Word Recognition
- 25Stage 5 — Strategic Reading
- 26Stage 6 — Proficient Adult Reading
- 27How’s My Reading?
- 28The Power of Writing!
- 29How Writing Skills Develop
- 30Why Literacy Is Important
- 31Preventing Summer Learning Loss
- 32Literacy Everywhere
- 33Deepen Your Understanding
- 34Listen to Students Read Aloud
- 35The Value of Good Questions
- 36Motivation — A Key to Promoting Positive Reading Behaviors
- 37Literacy Skills Affect Future Success and Civic Participation
- 38Learn More Library
- 41Check for Understanding