Stage 3 — Controlled Word Recognition
During the Controlled Word Recognition stage, children acquire accurate word-recognition skills, meaning they are able to make use of all the letter information in a word. Because they have acquired accurate word recognition, they no longer tend to confuse similarly spelled words. However, word recognition is not yet automatic.
During this stage, the reader still relies heavily on the text and focuses attention on every piece of visual information available, appearing to be “glued” to the print. Knowledge about spelling patterns that occur in English is crucial during this stage. Knowledge of spelling patterns also allows readers to recognize homophones, such as there, their and they’re. Achievement of controlled word recognition, at least in the case of common words, probably occurs for most children by the end of the second grade.
Play r-Controlled Vowel Bingo to build knowledge of spelling patterns in English.
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List of Typical Behaviors at This Stage:
- Reads aloud with accuracy and comprehension any text that is appropriately designed for their level
- Sounds out unknown words using knowledge of letters and the sounds they make
- Recognizes common sight words (have, said, where, two)
- Monitors own reading and self-corrects when an incorrectly identified word does not fit with the surrounding words
- Reads and comprehends both fiction and nonfiction that is appropriately designed for grade level
- Discusses similarities in characters and events across grade appropriate stories
- Reads and understands simple written instructions
- Predicts and justifies what will happen next in stories
- Discusses prior knowledge of topics in expository texts designed to inform or instruct the reader
- Describes new information gained from texts in own words
- 2Key Terms
- 3Literacy Diagram
- 4Literacy: A Cornerstone of College and Career Readiness
- 5Literacy Skills Develop Over Time
- 6“Texts” Come in All Shapes and Sizes
- 7Literacy: An Evolving Set of Skills
- 8Oral Language and the Reading Connection
- 9Unlocking Meaning: Vocabulary is the Key
- 10The Vocabulary Gap
- 11How Do Reading Skills Develop?
- 12How Do We Become Good Readers?
- 13Five Components of Reading
- 14Phonemic Awareness
- 19Comprehension — Putting the Pieces Together
- 20Developmental Stages of Reading
- 21Stage 1 — Visual Cue Word Recognition
- 22Stage 2 — Phonetic Cue Word Recognition
- 23Stage 3 — Controlled Word Recognition
- 24Stage 4 — Automatic Word Recognition
- 25Stage 5 — Strategic Reading
- 26Stage 6 — Proficient Adult Reading
- 27How’s My Reading?
- 28The Power of Writing!
- 29How Writing Skills Develop
- 30Why Literacy Is Important
- 31Preventing Summer Learning Loss
- 32Literacy Everywhere
- 33Deepen Your Understanding
- 34Listen to Students Read Aloud
- 35The Value of Good Questions
- 36Motivation — A Key to Promoting Positive Reading Behaviors
- 37Literacy Skills Affect Future Success and Civic Participation
- 38Learn More Library
- 41Check for Understanding