Oral Language and the Reading Connection
Oral language is crucial to learning at school, including learning to read. The oral language students acquire as preschoolers helps them connect words and sounds with print when they learn to read. Early language development occurs through the interactions and conversations children have with the people around them.
Encouraging oral language skills development is a continuing process. It is not something that can be accomplished in a month or even a year; it requires time and effort to reap the rewards.
The 21st CCLC community can support students in the language development process. Finger plays, poems, nursery rhymes, songs, being read to, rhyming and other word games, and print-rich environments all enhance oral language development.
A finger play is a short poem or rhyme that is either spoken or sung, using hands or props to add actions. See examples of Finger Plays.
Sharing poetry is a great way to highlight language. Poems include humor, interesting words, tongue twisters, alliteration and opportunities for choral reading. Watch how a student interacts with the nursery rhyme “Little Miss Moppet” in Acting Out a Story with a Child.
These environments (at home and school) provide children with a wide variety of opportunities to see reading and writing in action. They see how print is used to label shelves, on bulletin boards, make a grocery list, write a note, recall a shared experience or record attendance. They have many opportunities to explore books, draw and write. Share tips with parents on How to Create a Literate Home.
Oral word play enhances language development for students of all ages. At the simplest level we can make up words that rhyme with a child’s name or call attention to sounds in words (e.g., pretty pink pig picked purple plums). See Phonemic Awareness and Phonics Activities for ideas and examples of oral language games.
- 2Key Terms
- 3Literacy Diagram
- 4Literacy: A Cornerstone of College and Career Readiness
- 5Literacy Skills Develop Over Time
- 6“Texts” Come in All Shapes and Sizes
- 7Literacy: An Evolving Set of Skills
- 8Oral Language and the Reading Connection
- 9Unlocking Meaning: Vocabulary is the Key
- 10The Vocabulary Gap
- 11How Do Reading Skills Develop?
- 12How Do We Become Good Readers?
- 13Five Components of Reading
- 14Phonemic Awareness
- 19Comprehension — Putting the Pieces Together
- 20Developmental Stages of Reading
- 21Stage 1 — Visual Cue Word Recognition
- 22Stage 2 — Phonetic Cue Word Recognition
- 23Stage 3 — Controlled Word Recognition
- 24Stage 4 — Automatic Word Recognition
- 25Stage 5 — Strategic Reading
- 26Stage 6 — Proficient Adult Reading
- 27How’s My Reading?
- 28The Power of Writing!
- 29How Writing Skills Develop
- 30Why Literacy Is Important
- 31Preventing Summer Learning Loss
- 32Literacy Everywhere
- 33Deepen Your Understanding
- 34Listen to Students Read Aloud
- 35The Value of Good Questions
- 36Motivation — A Key to Promoting Positive Reading Behaviors
- 37Literacy Skills Affect Future Success and Civic Participation
- 38Learn More Library
- 41Check for Understanding