How Do Reading Skills Develop?
Reading Is Not a Natural Process
We’ve learned that children acquire language naturally through exposure; as humans we are hard-wired to learn to communicate through language. However, it’s important to understand that the ability to read is not acquired naturally. For children to learn to read, they need to be taught certain fundamentals of the language system.
Ultimately, when we talk about reading, we mean understanding the message conveyed through the printed word. But in order to understand, students must first understand spoken language. Then they have to understand the print system and build their vocabularies.
According to Heller (2014), college-bound students should have 75,000 to 120,000 words in their vocabularies. While much of this work is done in school, there is a lot that can be done to support the continued acquisition of reading skills in 21st CCLC programs. See the infographic below to explore just how complicated a feat this is.
- 2Key Terms
- 3Literacy Diagram
- 4Literacy: A Cornerstone of College and Career Readiness
- 5Literacy Skills Develop Over Time
- 6“Texts” Come in All Shapes and Sizes
- 7Literacy: An Evolving Set of Skills
- 8Oral Language and the Reading Connection
- 9Unlocking Meaning: Vocabulary is the Key
- 10The Vocabulary Gap
- 11How Do Reading Skills Develop?
- 12How Do We Become Good Readers?
- 13Five Components of Reading
- 14Phonemic Awareness
- 19Comprehension — Putting the Pieces Together
- 20Developmental Stages of Reading
- 21Stage 1 — Visual Cue Word Recognition
- 22Stage 2 — Phonetic Cue Word Recognition
- 23Stage 3 — Controlled Word Recognition
- 24Stage 4 — Automatic Word Recognition
- 25Stage 5 — Strategic Reading
- 26Stage 6 — Proficient Adult Reading
- 27How’s My Reading?
- 28The Power of Writing!
- 29How Writing Skills Develop
- 30Why Literacy Is Important
- 31Preventing Summer Learning Loss
- 32Literacy Everywhere
- 33Deepen Your Understanding
- 34Listen to Students Read Aloud
- 35The Value of Good Questions
- 36Motivation — A Key to Promoting Positive Reading Behaviors
- 37Literacy Skills Affect Future Success and Civic Participation
- 38Learn More Library
- 41Check for Understanding