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Online Professional Learning and
Technical Assistance for
21st Century Community Learning Centers

Five Components of Reading

In 1997 Congress established a National Reading Panel to evaluate existing research and evidence to find the best ways of teaching children to read. In 2000, the National Reading Panel published their findings. The panel determined that a combination of strategies that focus on the following five key areas were most effective in teaching children to read: 

  1. Phonemic awareness 
  2. Phonics 
  3. Fluency
  4. Vocabulary
  5. Reading comprehension 

In the next section of the Introduction, find out more about each of these areas, and watch the videos to see teachers in action.

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