Developmental Stages of Reading
English Language Learners: Children acquiring English as a second language and learning to read will progress through these stages, though they may progress through them more slowly than other students. However, if they can read in their native language, they can transfer the underlying ideas of reading from one language to the other (i.e., there are symbols that stand for spoken words), and focus their energy on learning the sound system and vocabulary of English in order to become proficient English readers.
It can be helpful in working with students at various grade levels to understand the stages of reading development that typically developing children move through as they become proficient readers. The stages are helpful for thinking about where students are, what skills they presently possess and what they should be able to do in the next stage. Remember, however, that the lines between the stages are not static and fixed, but simply serve as guideposts. Like any developmental progression, growth is often uneven, happens at different rates for different children and is greatly influenced by environment and experience.
You can use the Developmental Stages of Reading Quick Check to conduct a simple inventory and determine what skills children might need to improve their reading.
Continue reading on to learn more about the stages of reading development and the typical reading behaviors exhibited at each stage.
- 2Key Terms
- 3Literacy Diagram
- 4Literacy: A Cornerstone of College and Career Readiness
- 5Literacy Skills Develop Over Time
- 6“Texts” Come in All Shapes and Sizes
- 7Literacy: An Evolving Set of Skills
- 8Oral Language and the Reading Connection
- 9Unlocking Meaning: Vocabulary is the Key
- 10The Vocabulary Gap
- 11How Do Reading Skills Develop?
- 12How Do We Become Good Readers?
- 13Five Components of Reading
- 14Phonemic Awareness
- 19Comprehension — Putting the Pieces Together
- 20Developmental Stages of Reading
- 21Stage 1 — Visual Cue Word Recognition
- 22Stage 2 — Phonetic Cue Word Recognition
- 23Stage 3 — Controlled Word Recognition
- 24Stage 4 — Automatic Word Recognition
- 25Stage 5 — Strategic Reading
- 26Stage 6 — Proficient Adult Reading
- 27How’s My Reading?
- 28The Power of Writing!
- 29How Writing Skills Develop
- 30Why Literacy Is Important
- 31Preventing Summer Learning Loss
- 32Literacy Everywhere
- 33Deepen Your Understanding
- 34Listen to Students Read Aloud
- 35The Value of Good Questions
- 36Motivation — A Key to Promoting Positive Reading Behaviors
- 37Literacy Skills Affect Future Success and Civic Participation
- 38Learn More Library
- 41Check for Understanding